"Lions don't make that kind of ferocious noises, and the logo needed to be ferocious and majestic." In addition to being used as the MGM lion, Leo also appeared in other productions such as the religious epic King of Kings (1961), The Lion (1962), Zebra in the Kitchen (1965), Fluffy (1965), and Napoleon and Samantha (1972); as well as a memorable TV commercial for Dreyfus Investments in 1961.
Get the best of Smithsonian magazine by email. That iconic branding is familiar not only as a static logo, but also as the moving image of a roaring lion that precedes the presentation of MGM pictures.  For the restoration process, the extended "three-roar" version of Leo's footage was used, sourced from the master negative print of 1958's Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, as the original, raw footage of the lion, which was originally going to be used for the restoration, had been considered lost by this point. Goldwyn Pictures lion (1916–1923) Goldwyn Pictures lion (1923-1924) and Slats (1924–1928), Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0017_0_16626.html, "TV ACRES: Advertising Mascots – Animals – Leo the MGM Lion (MGM Studios)", "MGM lion born in Dublin, and other curiosities", "Original MGM lion rests in N.J. & other historical tidbits", http://www.forensicgenealogy.info/contest_404_results.html, https://garycoates.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/logo-history-restoration-article.pdf, Les animaux les plus célèbres: Anecdotes sur nos héros à poils et à plumes, "MGM Logo History and the 2008 Restoration Process", http://www.navhindtimes.in/sound-helps-filmmakers-achieve-narrative-value-for-their-films/, United States Patent and Trademark Office, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leo_the_Lion_(MGM)&oldid=986779140, Wikipedia articles that are excessively detailed from May 2020, All articles that are excessively detailed, Wikipedia articles with style issues from May 2020, Articles that may contain original research from September 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 23:27. III. Keep up-to-date on: © 2020 Smithsonian Magazine. Snopes and the Snopes.com logo are registered service marks of Snopes.com. Jackie appeared on all black-and-white MGM films from 1928 to 1956 (replacing Slats), as well as the sepia-tinted opening credits of The Wizard of Oz (1939). Was the Lion really strapped down to film this famous trademark clip? This later version featured tiger sounds; as Mangini would later explain, "[L]ions don't make that kind of ferocious noises [sic], and the logo needed to be ferocious and majestic.". Merav Shamir, a veterinary neurological specialist from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, diagnosed that Samson was suffering from damage to the posterior portion of his skull — a condition caused by vitamin A deficiency that has killed every other lion known to have suffered from it.
Also, Leo's image was digitally restored and enhanced, thanks to the work of staff at Pacific Title: first off, a three-dimensional model of Leo's mane was designed, and then composited and blended onto the lion's actual mane; secondly, the tips of the lion's ears were digitally remodeled, so that the tip of his left ear would now cross in front of the film ribbon, in an effort to give the logo more depth. The 1995 roar is reused once again as Leo roars and the company name is brought in from above to center the top screen, which completes the logo sequence. The Cat and the Fiddle however, showed its The End title card against a Technicolor background. Readers beware. In fact, what the company actually did was far more interesting (and dangerous): The images displayed directly above may be partially responsible for fostering the later rumor that one of MGM’s first Leos killed its trainer and his assistants while they attempted to film him.
Although the new roar effect done by Mangini was primarily being used at the time, 2010: The Year We Make Contact had both the original and 1982 roar effects mixed together. Slats, trained by Volney Phifer, was the first lion used for the newly formed studio.
To the horror of zoo staff and visitors, the lion began staggering around his pen at the Hai-Kef zoo in Rishon Lezion, near Tel Aviv, his legs buckling beneath his weight as if he were a calf struck down by mad cow disease.
 The first film to use the new roar sound was Poltergeist (1982). Origins: The leonine logo of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) film studio, originally designed for Goldwyn Pictures Corporation in 1916, is one of the Hollywood movie industry’s most recognizable images. Give a Gift. In the 1980s, MGM, As Soniak notes, the MGM logo has received its share of official and unofficial spoofs, from the Marx brothers appear in the lion’s place to. Several other lions have appeared in the MGM logo, according to Soniak: Tanner and George, followed by Leo, who has appeared in MGM’s logo from 1957 to today. Critics of the president latched onto his use of the phrase "Joe's shot," in a speech in October 2020. In 1965, in an attempt to update its image, MGM recruited Lippincott to create a more contemporary logo. Tigers roar can literally paralyze you. The logo was revised again in 2008, with the ribbons, text, and drama mask done in a more brilliant gold color. The conditions are perfect this year for a werewolf sighting. Austin. Behind the lion is a semi-circular film ribbon with the "Ars Gratia Artis" motto ("Art for art's sake"), much like the film ribboning of the company's primary logo. Above the ribbons were the words "Diamond Jubilee", replacing the standard company name, and its font color was silver and below the ribboning was the phrase "Sixty Years of Great Entertainment". When the company began using MGM and UA as separate brands in 1986, a new logo for MGM was introduced; the same gold ribbons used for the "Diamond Jubilee" variant was retained, and the text was redone in exactly the same color. Among the many films that include this kind of credits sequence are the 1938 version of A Christmas Carol, based on the Charles Dickens novel, and Ninotchka from 1939, starring Greta Garbo.
The lion is also known for surviving several accidents, including a sinking ship, two train wrecks, an earthquake, and an explosion in the studio. Two different versions featuring George were used; one with the lion roaring toward the right of the screen and then roaring at the camera, and another with the lion roaring toward the upright corner of the screen. It is this version of the logo that was the most frequently used version throughout the Golden Age of Hollywood, although color did not really become the norm until the 1960s, and even then, many movies were still being made in black-and-white. What better symbol than a lion? With the sang froid that befits movie royalty, Slats just looked around.  The second lion, Coffee, appeared on color films between 1932 and 1934 or 1935 for the Happy Harmonies shorts, until production was switched to full three-strip Technicolor filming. Leo the Lion Video Footage The MGM Roar is a sound effect from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Jackie’s roar, which appeared on movies between MGM’s first sound feature in 1928 (White Shadows in the South Seas) and 1956, was captured via gramophone. Help preserve this vital resource. Slats died in 1936; his hide is currently on display at the McPherson Museum in McPherson, Kansas.. The logo features a graphic of a reclining lion (from a side view) on a pedestal that has the text "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Picture" inscribed on it. He featured after Jackie, who was used for a total of 28 years, and the current lion, who has been retained for 63 years. That’s because Slats made his first appearance pre-sound. The "Ars Gratia Artis" motto was removed from inside the circle and replaced with the text "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists". The logo was modified for this change; the marquee below the ribbon design was removed, and the company name was thus placed in a semi-circle above the ribbons. It’s one of the noises most reminiscent of the Golden Age of Hollywood, when Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (generally known as MGM) was one of the biggest studios around. This variation had a lion cub on the pedestal, looking straight at the viewer. A meme circulating on Facebook caused some to believe that the state had issued holiday rules. Two different versions of this logo were used: an "extended" version, with the lion roaring three times, used from 1957–1960; and the "standard" version, with the lion roaring twice, used since 1960.
One suggested answer has been provided by a photograph purportedly showing Leo strapped to a table while filming his iconic roar, a picture which has been circulating online since at least January 2015: However, the above-displayed image does not capture either MGM’s Leo or the filming of a company logo. The first lion, Telly, appeared on color MGM movies between 1928 and 1932. California Do Not Sell My Info After a Computer Aided Tomography (Cat) scan on Samson’s skull confirmed her suspicions, Dr Shamir sent an urgent message to veterinary experts around the world asking if any had performed corrective surgery. . It was later used by the MGM Grand casinos.
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